DISTRICT PROFILE

ABOUT DISTRICT 2012-13

District Sangrur is situated in South Eastern part of Punjab State. This district comprises of 9 blocks and 585 villages covering an area of about 5021 km and it shares its boundaries with the districts of the state except for the southern boundary that is shared with the state of Haryana. The area of the district falls between Latitude 29°-44’-30” to 30°-38’-50” and Longitude 75°-16’-30” to 76°-9’-30”. Ghaggar a non-perennial river flows along the eastern boundaries of the district. There is good network of canals in the district. Its height from mean sea level is 237 meter. The climate of the district is dry and hot during summer season and severe cold in winter.

General census (2011)

Population-Total persons (2011)               : 16,54,408

Rural person (2011)                         : 10,48,990

Urban Person (2011)                      : 4,24,252

Density of Population (per sq. km.) -2011             : 449

Sex Ratio-2011 F/M                         : 883 /1000

Literacy Rate-2011                           : 68.9 %

 

AGRICULTURAL AND ALLIED CENSUS

 Geographical area                           –              3,61,000 ha/ 5021 sq km ha

Area under Forest                           –              5000 ha

Cultivable area                                  –              3,11,000 ha

Net Area sown                                  –              3,11,000 ha

Area sown more than Twice       –              3,09,000 ha

Gross Cropped Area                       –              6,20,000 ha

Cropping Intensity                           –              198 %

Total Irrigated Area                         –              3,11,000 ha

Type of soil                                         –              Sandy loam – Silty clay Loam

Soil ph                                                   –              8.5

Annual Rainfall                                  –              1165 mm

No. of villages                                    –              585

No. of Blocks                                   –             9
Major farming systems/enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)
Cotton-Wheat
Rice-Wheat/Gram/Raya/Gobhi Sarson/Barley
Paddy-Wheat-Summer moong
Rice-Potato/Peas-Summer Moong
Groundnut-Wheat

Agro-climatic Zone & major agro ecological situations (based on soil and topography)

Agro-climatic Zone Characteristics
Central Plain Region (South Zone III-B) Mild to severe alkalinity
Western Plain Region (South Zone IV-B) Mild to serious alkalinity in eastern part
Agro-Ecological Situation (AES) Characteristics

AES-I : Plain topography by tubewell and canal irrigated sandy loam soil with saline sodic in nature

AES-II : Plain topography tubewell irrigated and supplemented by canal with sandy soil

AES-III : Plain topography tubewell and canal irrigated sandy loam soil with sodicity
AES-IV : Plain topography tubewell and canal irrigated flood prone sandy loam soil with saline sodic in nature

Soil type/s

S. No

Soil type

Characteristics

Area in ha
1. Sandy loam soil  with saline sodicity Soil is sandy loam with moderate to severe saline sodic nature, water logged, flood prone

1,22,503

2. Sandy Sandy soil, part of Sangrur district is severely saline Sodic in nature

1,12,497

3. Sandy loam soil with sodicity Soil is sandy loam with moderate to severe saline sodic nature, water logging & salt problem

1,14,000

4. Sandy loam Sandy loam soils, salt affected in patches

12,000

Priority/thrust areas

Crop/Enterprise Thrust area
Agronomy Diversification of rice wheat cropping system through Oilseeds, Pulses and  Cotton
Popularization of pre-emergence herbicides in Wheat and proper herbicide spraying techniques
Horticulture Popularization of Integrated Nutrition Unit
Use of low tunnel technology
Animal Science Scientific management of dairy animals/ poultry birds
Self employment of rural youth through dairy/ poultry farming
Agricultural Engineering Popularization of Happy Seeder Technology
Mechanical transplantation of Rice
Plant Protection Seed treatment in Rabi and Kharif crops
IPM in field crops (Cotton and Basmati)
Soil Science Promotion of resource conservation technologies
Crop residue management and balanced use of fertilizers

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district (2011-12)

S.No. Crop

Area

Production

Productivity

i. Food Grains Crops      
Rice

274000

1188

4335

Cotton

11000

33

505

Sugarcane

2000

14

6725

Moong

500

0.4

878

Arhar

400

0.3

877

Wheat

287000

1577

5494

Barley

2000

9

4306

Gram

1000

1

1097

Rapeseed & Mustard

1000

1

1326

ii. Horticultural Crops

 

 

 

  Fruits

1752.75

27156

15.49

Mango

87.2

Kinnow

140.35

Malta

12.1

Guava

704.3

Peach/Pear/Plum

128.0

Citrus

170.7

Ber

310.2

Banana

15.9

Grapes

21.7

Others

162.3

  Vegetables

6870

Potato

367

Onion

1342

Tomato

168

Chilies

768

Cabbage & Cauliflower

1289

Okra

207

Brinjal

175

Garlic

126

Peas

505

Cucurbits

1195

Others

376

 A: Area in Hectare
Y: Average yield in Kg/ Hectare
P: Production in ‘000’ Tonnes

Agro-climatic zones: Trans-Gangetic Plain Region (VI)

Agro-ecosystems: The land use pattern in the district indicate that 86.15% of its total geographical area (3,61,000 ha) is cultivable area. Out of total geographical area about 86.15% is net sown and net irrigated area.

Farming systems

Major farming systems
Rice- Wheat
Cotton-Wheat
Sugarcane-Wheat
Agriculture + Dairy farming

Micro farming systems
Groundnut-Wheat
Groundnut-Raya/Barley
Paddy-Gram
Rice- Peas-Summer Moong
Rice-Potato-Summer Moong
Agriculture + Horticulture
Agriculture + Vegetable
Agriculture + Dairy + Poultry + Vegetables
Agriculture + Bee-keeping
Agriculture + Mushroom cultivation
Agriculture + Back-yard Poultry